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dc.contributor.authorSuar, Damodar
dc.contributor.authorKar, Nilamadhab
dc.contributor.authorPanigrahi, Girija Shankar
dc.date.accessioned2024-06-07T10:10:55Z
dc.date.available2024-06-07T10:10:55Z
dc.date.issued2024-05-17
dc.identifier.citationSuar, D., Kar, N. and Panigrahi, G.S. (2024) Natural hazards, trauma, and its amelioration: Lessons learned from India. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 108, 104548.en
dc.identifier.issn2212-4209en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ijdrr.2024.104548en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2436/625544
dc.descriptionThis is an author's accepted manuscript of an article published by Elsevier in International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, available online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2024.104548 The author's accepted manuscript may differ from the final published version.en
dc.description.abstractForegrounding the devastating natural hazards of the 1999 supercyclone and 2004 tsunami in India, this narrative review critically examines survivors' trauma, its symptoms, risk factors, salient causes, resilience, and the amelioration of trauma. Documents were extracted from the Scopus and Google Scholar databases, further sourced from cross-referenced and recent publications, and were analyzed on the above facets of trauma. Findings suggest that trauma manifests through somatic and psychosocial symptoms. Individuals at risk of trauma are children, older people, females, widows, socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, displaced persons, and those with physical and intellectual disabilities, and non-adaptive personalities. However, coastal fishing communities and indigenous people are less prone to post-hazard trauma. The salient causes of trauma are the loss of life, loss of property, severity of exposure during the hazard, and inadequacy of and inequity in received social support post-hazard. Survivors’ intrapersonal resource possession and interpersonal resource gain post-hazard help nurturing resilience. In ameliorating trauma, pre-hazard evacuation of people and community preparedness can minimize the effects of exposure, loss of resources, and trauma. If such responses are inadequate, responsive search and rescue operations, subsequent psychological first aid and psychosocial support during natural hazards can decrease trauma. Trauma can be reduced post-hazard by facilitating an environment for garnering informational, emotional, and material support, building collective resilience, promoting cross-sector collaboration, preventing corruption and abuses, and executing micro-plans. These observations inform the details of interventions provided to the survivors after the natural hazard and their effectiveness, which may help developing strategies for the amelioration of trauma. The findings are discussed with implications, directions for research, and contributions to knowledge.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2024.104548en
dc.subjecttraumaen
dc.subjectIndiaen
dc.subjectnatural hazardsen
dc.subjectpreparednessen
dc.subjectresource lossen
dc.subjecttrauma ameliorationen
dc.titleNatural hazards, trauma, and its amelioration: Lessons learned from Indiaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reductionen
dc.date.accepted2024-05-09
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Wolverhamptonen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectUOW07062024NKen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2025-06-17en
refterms.dateFCD2024-06-07T10:10:38Z
refterms.versionFCDAM


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