Geometrically nonlinear coupled adjoint aerostructural optimization of natural-laminar-flow strut-braced wing
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AbstractNovel aircraft concepts employing ultrahigh-aspect-ratio wings, such as the strut-braced wing (SBW) configuration, are promising ways to achieve the next-generation sustainable and fuel-efficient aviation goals. However, as the wing aspect ratio increases, the wing increasingly exhibits more flexibility, higher deformation, and geometrically nonlinear behavior that cannot be accurately simulated by conventional sizing methods and typical linear structural analysis models. This paper establishes a framework for SBW aircraft conceptual design, conceptual optimization, and aerostructural optimization. The presented aerostructural optimization method hasmedium-fidelity and physics-based features.Ageometrically nonlinear structural analysis solver and a quasi-three-dimensional aerodynamic solver are coupled for the aerostructural optimization of composite natural-laminar-flow SBW aircraft. A medium-range (MR)-SBWaircraft is initially designed and optimized in the conceptual design stage. A gradient-based aerostructural optimization is performed using the proposed tool for minimizing the fuel mass of the initially sized and optimized MR-SBW aircraft. The optimization results in a more than 10% reduction in fuel mass, a more than 8% reduction in aircraft maximum takeoff mass, and a more than 30% reduction in wing and strut structural weight by optimizing the wing box structure, the wing planform, and the airfoil shape while satisfying the constraints on structural failure, wing loading, and aileron effectiveness.
CitationMa, Yiyuan, Abouhamzeh, Morteza and Elham, Ali (2023) Geometrically nonlinear coupled adjoint aerostructural optimization of natural-laminar-flow strut-braced wing. Journal of Aircraft, 60 (3), pp. 935-954. doi:10.2514/1.C036988
JournalJournal of Aircraft
DescriptionThis is an accepted manuscript of an article published by American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics in Journal of Aircraft on 18/12/2022, available online: https://doi.org/10.2514/1.C036988 The accepted version of the publication may differ from the final published version.
SponsorsThis project has received partial funding from the Clean Sky 2 Joint Undertaking (JU) under grant agreement No 883670. The JU receives support from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme and the Clean Sky 2 JU members other than the Union.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/