Enhancing the fire-resistance performance of composite laminates via multi-scale hybridisation: A review
AuthorsDalfi, Hussein Kommur
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AbstractFibre-reinforced composites laminates (FRCLs) are employed in various applications such as in marine, aerospace, automotive, and civil industries due to their lightweight nature, design tailorability, and superior specific mechanical properties. However, they possess extremely low flame resistance mainly due to the inherent flammability of the polymer matrix. Various treatments have been applied to improve the fire resistance of FRCLs. In particular, hybridisation (fibre hybridisation and polymer hybridisation) is an important technique which is becoming very popular to enhance the thermal performance and flame resistance of FRCLs. This article is a comprehensive review of the recent developments that broadly cover the improvements in fire resistance of composite laminates via multi-scale hybridisation; the characteristics of thermal decomposition of FRCLs have been presented to comprehend the need for flame retardancy. Approaches for improving the fire resistance of FRCLs and thermal stability, both in polymer and in fibre systems, are discussed. Enhancing the fire resistance has been significant through additives to the matrix, use of flame-retardant modified fibres at interfacial regions and by way of multi-layered hybrid laminates besides hybridization at fibre, yarn and layer level. Finally, a review is presented on the modelling of fire resistance of composite laminates by considering thermo-mechanical models for the prediction of decomposition and failure of laminates at elevated temperatures.
CitationDalfi, H.K., Jan, K., Al-Badri, A., Peerzada, M., Yousaf, Z., Parnell, W., Morrison, N. and Bari, K. (2024) Enhancing the fire-resistance performance of composite laminates via multi-scale hybridisation: A review. Journal of Industrial Textiles. https://doi.org/10.1177/15280837241226988.
JournalJournal of Industrial Textiles
Description© 2024 The authors. This is an open access article available under a Creative Commons licence. The published version can be accessed at the following link on the publisher’s website: https://doi.org/10.1177/15280837241226988
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/